zanzibar



zanzibar

Zanzibari presidential elections went forward as scheduled. Although there were many administrative improvements over the 2000 elections in Zanzibar, the poll was marred by violence and intimidation. Zanzibar was stuck with its British stiff upper lip for another two years, after which the mainland forged a union together with Zanzibar and the nearby island of Pemba. Zanzibar's spic

es attracted ships from as far away as the United States. The United Kingdom's early interest in Zanzibar was motivated by both commerce and the determination to end the slave trade.

Zanzibar received its independence from the United Kingdom on December 19 1963 as a constitutional monarchy under the sultan. On January 12 1964 the African majority revolted against the sultan and a new government was formed with the ASP leader Abeid Karume as president of Zanzibar and chairman of the Revolutionary Council. Zanzibar Island, also known as the ‘Spice Island’ because of its long history of trading in commodities from spices to slaves, is Tanzania’s very sexy appendage. Exotic, intriguing and steeped in history and Swahili culture , it’s a place of noble Arabian architecture, romantic white-sailed dhows, and miles of sandy palm fringed beaches. Zanzibar’s Stone Town, which is UNESCO designated, was at one time the metropolis of East Africa, where Arabs and European colonials administered the spice, ivory, and slave trade. Stone Town, today, features windy streets that are lined with colonial mansions, exotic shops, Muslim mosques, and bazaars and squares.

Zanzibar was declared independent of Oman in 1861 and, in 1890, it became a British protectorate.